On this week’s post, we will be discussing Allergies.

Allergy is one of the most common illness in the world. According to American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology(ACAAI), allergy affects 40 – 50 million of people in the United States. And according to Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA), allergy affects 1 out 5 people at some point in their life. And even though most allergies could fade away with a table of antihistamine, there are still some cases that allergies interfere with their day to day activities.

I, for one, suffer from a form of allergy where every time I encounter a dusty room I sneeze a lot. And my sneezes turn into a runny nose that would only go away if I take a table of antihistamine.

Let us delve further into understanding what allergy is.

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WHAT IS ALLERGY?

According to ASCIA allergy occurs when person’s immune system reacted against a substance in the environment that is harmless to most people.

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ALLERGY?

Allergy is not just a one-type kind of illness. It exists in different forms, depending on the type of allergen that triggers it. Below are the 12 types of allergy.

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Food Allergy

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Skin Allergy

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Dust Allergy

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Insect Sting Allergy

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Pet Allergy

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Eye Allergy

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Drug Allergy

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Allergic Rhinitis (hay fever)

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Latex Allergy

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Mold

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Sinus Infection

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Cockroach Allergy

*Seasonal Allergy:  A type of allergy that happens during certain times of the year, such as spring due to plants pollination.

I am not going to go in-depth with them one by one because it is going to be a long and winding read, but I will put a link to the website at the end of this article where you can get to understand each type of allergy.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ALLERGY?

Each type of allergy have their own unique symptoms, but I am going to enumerate the most common shared symptoms between all of the types of allergy.

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Itchy nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Upset stomach
  • Itchy bumps visible on the skin
  • Anaphylactic Shock (Life-Threatening)

WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS FOR ALLERGY?

MEDICATIONS:

  • Antihistamines

It blocks histamine release from mast cells, reducing symptoms. Non-sedating antihistamine tablets rarely cause drowsiness and are available from pharmacies without a prescription. Antihistamine nasal and eye sprays can also be used.

  • Intranasal Corticosteroid Nasal Spray

Are very effective for treatment of moderate to severe allergic rhinitis (hay fever) when used appropriately and regularly.  A prescription may be required for stronger dose INCS.  Ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice.

  • Combination Therapies

Are used for the treatment of moderate to severe allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and offer the combined advantages of both medications.

  • Medicated Eye-drops
  • Adrenaline (epinephrine)

Used for first aid emergency treatment of life threatening severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis).  Adrenaline is usually given using an adrenaline autoinjector and this can be given without any medical training.

NON-MEDICATED:

  • Saline Spray

Used for treating allergic rhinitis and sinusitis.

ALLERGEN IMMUNOTHERAPY

A long-term treatment is also known as desensitization. It changes the immune system’s response to allergens.


Here are the following links that I found. They have tons of great in-depth information regarding allergies.

American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI)

Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)

>> You can also check your symptom and have an insight on what type of allergy you have by taking their online SYMPTOM TEST.

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